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Note: This record shows only 22 elements of the WHO Trial Registration Data Set. To view changes that have been made to the source record, or for additional information about this trial, click on the URL below to go to the source record in the primary register.
Register: EUCTR
Last refreshed on: 30 April 2019
Main ID:  EUCTR2017-002628-26-AT
Date of registration: 16/05/2018
Prospective Registration: Yes
Primary sponsor: Zogenix International Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Zogenix Inc.
Public title: A Two-Part Study of ZX008 in Children and Adults with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (LGS); Part 1: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Two Fixed Doses of ZX008 (Fenfluramine Hydrochloride) Oral Solution as Adjunctive Therapy for Seizures in Children and Adults with LGS, Followed by Part 2: An Open-label Extension to Assess Long-Term Safety of ZX008 in Children and Adults with LGS
Scientific title: A Two-Part Study of ZX008 in Children and Adults with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (LGS); Part 1: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Two Fixed Doses of ZX008 (Fenfluramine Hydrochloride) Oral Solution as Adjunctive Therapy for Seizures in Children and Adults with LGS, Followed by Part 2: An Open-label Extension to Assess Long-Term Safety of ZX008 in Children and Adults with LGS
Date of first enrolment:
Target sample size: 225
Recruitment status: Not Recruiting
URL:  https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/search?query=eudract_number:2017-002628-26
Study type:  Interventional clinical trial of medicinal product
Study design: 
Controlled: yes
Randomised: yes
Open: no
Single blind: no
Double blind: yes
Parallel group: yes
Cross over: no
Other: no
If controlled, specify comparator, Other Medicinial Product: no
Placebo: yes
Other: no
Number of treatment arms in the trial: 3
 
Phase:  Human pharmacology (Phase I): no Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II): no Therapeutic confirmatory - (Phase III): yes Therapeutic use (Phase IV): no
Countries of recruitment
Australia Austria Belgium Canada Denmark Finland France Germany
Ireland Israel Italy Japan Mexico Netherlands Norway Poland
Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States
Contacts
Name: Sr. Project Manager    
Address:  3201 Beechleaf Court, Suite 600 NC 27604 Raleigh United States
Telephone: 14252810843
Email: tamie.sather@syneoshealth.com
Affiliation:  INC Research
Name: Sr. Project Manager    
Address:  3201 Beechleaf Court, Suite 600 NC 27604 Raleigh United States
Telephone: 14252810843
Email: tamie.sather@syneoshealth.com
Affiliation:  INC Research
Key inclusion & exclusion criteria
Inclusion criteria:
1. Subject is male or non-pregnant, non-lactating female, age 2 to 35 years, inclusive as of the day of the Screening Visit. Female subjects of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test at screening. Subjects of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to use medically acceptable forms of birth control (see Section 4.4), which includes abstinence, while being treated on this study and for 90 days after the last dose of study drug.
2.Subject must have a diagnosis of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, where seizures that result in drops are not completely controlled by current antiepileptic treatments. (Subjects without a formal diagnosis may still be enrolled at sponsor discretion if all other criteria are met.)
3.Subjects must meet all of the following 4 criteria for Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, as defined in this protocol:
a. Onset of seizures at 11 years of age or younger.
b. Multiple seizure types (must include TS or TA), including countable motor seizures that result in drops. Countable motor seizure types eligible for inclusion are: GTC, TS, CS, AS, FS with observable motor symptoms and MS with a drop.
c. Abnormal cognitive development.
d. Evidence of EEG in the medical history that shows abnormal background activity accompanied by slow spike and wave pattern <2.5 Hz. (Acceptable evidence includes a copy of the EEG trace, EEG report, or physician note that appropriately describes the EEG findings.)
4. Subject must have had at least 8 drop seizures in the last 4 weeks prior to inclusion (minimum of 4 drop seizures in the first two weeks and 4 in the last two weeks before baseline), by parent/guardian report to investigator or investigator medical notes
5. Receiving at least 1 concomitant AED and up to 4 concomitant AEDs, inclusive. KD and VNS are permitted but do not count towards the total number of AEDs. Rescue medications for seizures are not counted towards the total number of AEDs.
6. All medications or interventions for epilepsy (including KD and VNS) must be stable for at least 4 weeks prior to screening and are expected to remain stable throughout the study.
7. Subject has been informed of the nature of the study and informed consent has been obtained from the legally responsible parent/guardian.
8. Subject has provided assent in accordance with Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Ethics Committee requirements, if capable.
9. Subject’s parent/caregiver is willing and able to be compliant with diary completion, visit schedule and study drug accountability.

Randomization Inclusion Criteria: Subjects must meet all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria above and meet the following criteria in order to be randomized:
1. Subject has been approved for study inclusion by the Epilepsy Study Consortium.
2. Subject does not have an exclusionary cardiovascular or cardiopulmonary abnormality based on ECHO, ECG or physical examination and is approved for entry by the central cardiac reader. Exclusionary abnormalities include, but are not limited to:
a. Trace or greater mitral or aortic valve regurgitation in

Exclusion criteria:
1. Subject has a known hypersensitivity to fenfluramine or any of the excipients in the study medication.
2. Subject’s etiology of seizures is a degenerative neurological disease.
3. Subject has a history of hemiclonic seizures in the first year of life.
4. Subject only has drop seizures in clusters, where individual seizures cannot be counted reliably.
5. Subject has pulmonary arterial hypertension.
6. Subject has current or past history of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, such as cardiac valvulopathy, myocardial infarction or stroke, or clinically significant structural cardiac abnormality, including but not limited to mitral valve prolapse, atrial or ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosis (note: Patent Foramen Ovale or a bicuspid valve are not considered exclusionary).
7. Subject has current or recent history of Anorexia Nervosa, bulimia, or depression within the prior year that required medical treatment or psychological treatment for a duration greater than 1 month.
8. Subject has a current or past history of glaucoma.
9. Subject has had an anoxic episode requiring resuscitation within 6 months of the Screening Visit.
10. Subject has moderate or severe hepatic impairment. Asymptomatic subjects with mild hepatic impairment (elevated liver enzymes < 3x ULN and/or elevated bilirubin <2x ULN) may be entered into the study after review and approval by the Medical Monitor in conjunction with the sponsor, in consideration of comorbidities and concomitant medications.
11. Subject has severe renal impairment (estimated glomerlular filtration rate <30mL/min/1.73m2)
12. Subject is receiving concomitant therapy with any of the following: centrally-acting anorectic agents; monoamine-oxidase inhibitors; any centrally-acting compound with clinically appreciable amount of serotonin agonist or antagonist properties, including serotonin reuptake inhibition; other centrally-acting noradrenergic agonists, including atomexetine; or cyproheptadine (see Appendix 1 for a complete list of prohibited medications). (Note: Short-term medication requirements for prohibted medications will be handled on a per case basis by the Medical Monitor.)
13. Subject has positive result on urine tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) Panel or whole blood cannabidiol (CBD) at the Screening Visit.
14. Subject is taking felbamate for less than 1 year prior to screening and/or does not have stable liver function and hematology laboratory tests, and/or the dose has not been stable for at least 60 days prior to the Screening Visit.
15. Subject is known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive.
16. Subject is known to have active viral hepatitis (B or C)
17. Subject is currently receiving an investigational product.
18. Subject has participated in another clinical trial within the past 30 days (calculated from that study’s last scheduled visit). Participation in non-treatment trials will be reviewed by the medical monitor.
19. Subject is at imminent risk of self-harm or harm to others, in the investigator’s opinion, based on clinical interview and responses provided on the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS). Subjects must be


Age minimum:
Age maximum:
Gender:
Female: yes
Male: yes
Health Condition(s) or Problem(s) studied
Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome in Children and Adults
MedDRA version: 20.1 Level: PT Classification code 10048816 Term: Lennox-Gastaut syndrome System Organ Class: 10029205 - Nervous system disorders
Therapeutic area: Diseases [C] - Nervous System Diseases [C10]
Intervention(s)

Product Name: FENFLURAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
Pharmaceutical Form: Oral solution
INN or Proposed INN: Fenfluramine
CAS Number: 404-82-0
Current Sponsor code: ZX008
Other descriptive name: Fenfluramine HCl, DL-Fenfluramine, (±)-Fenfluramine
Concentration unit: mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 5-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Oral solution
Route of administration of the placebo: Oral use

Product Name: FENFLURAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
Pharmaceutical Form: Oral solution
INN or Proposed INN: Fenfluramine
CAS Number: 404-82-0
Current Sponsor code: ZX008
Other descriptive name: Fenfluramine HCl, DL-Fenfluramine, (±)-Fenfluramine
Concentration unit: mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 2.5-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Oral solution
Route of administration of the placebo: Oral use

Product Name: FENFLURAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
Pharmaceutical Form: Oral solution
INN or Proposed INN: Fenfluramine
CAS Number: 404-82-0
Current Sponsor code: ZX008
Other descriptive name: Fenfluramine HCl, DL-Fenfluramine, (±)-Fenfluramine
Concentration unit: mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 1.25-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Oral solution
Route of administration of the placebo: Oral use

Primary Outcome(s)

Main Objective: The primary objective of Part 1 is to evaluate the effect of ZX008 0.8 mg/kg/day versus placebo as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of uncontrolled seizures in children and adults with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) based on the change in frequency of seizures that result in drops between baseline and the combined Titration and Maintenance Periods (T+M)
The primary objective of Part 2 is to assess the long-term safety and tolerability of ZX008 in children and adults with LGS with regard to adverse events (AEs), laboratory parameters, physical examination, neurological examination, suicidality, cognition (BRIEF), vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory rate), electrocardiograms (ECG), echocardiograms (ECHO), body weight, and BMI.

Primary end point(s): Part 1
Efficacy:
The efficacy endpoint for Part 1 of the study is:
• Number, frequency, and duration of countable seizures that result in drops for the 0.8 mg/kg/day


Secondary Objective: The key secondary objectives of Part 1 are:
• Evaluation of effect of ZX008 0.2 mg/kg/day vs placebo as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of uncontrolled seizures in children and adults with LGS based on the change in frequency of seizures that result in drops between baseline and T+M
• Evaluation of effect of ZX008 0.2 and 0.8 mg/kg/day (independently) vs placebo on the endpoints listed in Protocol synopsis.
The secondary objectives of Part 2 are assessment of effect of ZX008 relative to the baseline on the effectiveness measures, and determination of incidence of medical services used to treat seizures; of status epilepticus and of rescue medication.

Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point: Data from Part 1 will constitute the primary analyses of the study and will be performed upon database lock after the last subject enrolled has completed the last study visit of Part 1.
The frequency of seizures that result in drops during the Part 2 OLE Treatment Period will be compared to baseline frequency measured prior to randomization in Part 1. Both the mean and median change from baseline will be presented and the statistical significance of the change will be assessed using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Other secondary assessments will be compared to baseline from prior to Part 1, or by visit throughout Part 1 and Part 2, as appropriate.
Secondary Outcome(s)

Secondary end point(s): Number, frequency, and duration of countable seizures that do not result in drops
• Number, frequency, and duration of all countable seizures by type
• Proportion of subjects who achieve a =25%, =50%, =75%, or 100% reduction from baseline in seizure frequency
• Number of seizure-free days
• Clinical Global Impression – Improvement as assessed by parent/caregiver
• Clinical Global Impression – Improvement as assessed by principal investigator
• Affective symptoms of parent/caregiver using the HADS scale
• Number of episodes of status epilepticus
• Number of instances of rescue medication use and number of doses
• Incidence in use of medical services to treat seizures

Efficacy endpoints for Part 2 are identical, with the exception of the HADS and CGI assessments, which are exploratory during the open-label extension.

Safety:
The safety endpoints for Part1 and Part 2 of the study are:
• AEs
• Laboratory safety (hematology, chemistry, urinalysis)
• Vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory rate)
• Physical examination
• Neurological examination
• BRIEF to measure changes in cognition of the subject
• Columbia Suicidality Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS)
• 12-lead ECGs
• Doppler ECHOs
• Body weight and BMI

Exploratory:
The exploratory endpoints for Part 1 and Part 2 of the study are:
• VABS
• QOLCE
• Zarit Caregiver Burden Inventory

Pharmacokinetics:
Steady-state plasma fenfluramine and norfenfluramine PK parameters (average plasma concentration (Cavg ss) and area under the concentration time curve from time zero to time=t (AUC0-t) after administration of ZX008 derived using a PBPK model.


Part 2
The primary objective of Part 2 is to assess the long-term safety and tolerability of ZX008 in children and adults with LGS with regard to AEs, laboratory parameters, physical examination, neurological examination, vital signs, ECG, ECHO, and body weight.
Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point: NA
Secondary ID(s)
132604
2017-002628-26-BE
ZX008-1601
Source(s) of Monetary Support
Zogenix International Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Zogenix Inc.
Secondary Sponsor(s)
Ethics review
Status:
Approval date:
Contact:
Results
Results available:
Date Posted:
Date Completed:
URL:
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