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Note: This record shows only 22 elements of the WHO Trial Registration Data Set. To view changes that have been made to the source record, or for additional information about this trial, click on the URL below to go to the source record in the primary register.
Register: EUCTR
Last refreshed on: 30 November 2020
Main ID:  EUCTR2014-002108-25-IT
Date of registration: 13/05/2015
Prospective Registration: No
Primary sponsor: Celgene Corporation
Public title: Study to test whether apremilast is better than placebo (inactive substance in the same form as the drug) for the treatment of active Behçet’s disease (oral ulcers). This study also tests how well the body tolerates apremilast. The study is conducted in several centers in different countries.
Scientific title: A PHASE 3, MULTICENTER, RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED, PARALLEL GROUP STUDY, FOLLOWED BY AN ACTIVE-TREATMENT PHASE TO EVALUATE THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF APREMILAST (CC-10004) IN THE TREATMENT OF SUBJECTS WITH ACTIVE BEHÇET’S DISEASE - NA
Date of first enrolment: 24/02/2015
Target sample size: 204
Recruitment status: Not Recruiting
URL:  https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/search?query=eudract_number:2014-002108-25
Study type:  Interventional clinical trial of medicinal product
Study design:  Controlled: yes Randomised: yes Open: no Single blind: no Double blind: yes Parallel group: yes Cross over: no Other: no If controlled, specify comparator, Other Medicinial Product: no Placebo: yes Other: no Number of treatment arms in the trial: 2  
Phase:  Human pharmacology (Phase I): no Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II): no Therapeutic confirmatory - (Phase III): yes Therapeutic use (Phase IV): no
Countries of recruitment
France Germany Greece Israel Italy Japan Korea, Republic of Turkey
United States
Contacts
Name: ClinicalTrialDisclosure   
Address:  9225 Indian Creek Parkway, Suite 900 66210 Overland Park, Kansas United States
Telephone: +1-888-260-1599
Email: ClinicalTrialDisclosure@celgene.com
Affiliation:  Celgene Corporation
Name: ClinicalTrialDisclosure   
Address:  9225 Indian Creek Parkway, Suite 900 66210 Overland Park, Kansas United States
Telephone: +1-888-260-1599
Email: ClinicalTrialDisclosure@celgene.com
Affiliation:  Celgene Corporation
Key inclusion & exclusion criteria
Inclusion criteria:
1. Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent document prior to any study related assessments/procedures being conducted.
2. Male and female subjects =18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent document.
3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
4. Diagnosed with Behçet’s disease meeting the International Study Group (ISG) criteria.
5. Oral ulcers that occurred at least 3 times in the previous 12-month period prior randomization
6. Oral ulcers at Visit 2:
a. Have at least 3 oral ulcers at baseline (this may be considered as 1 occurrence of the required 3 occurrences in the previous 12 month period in Inclusion #5)
OR
b. Have at least 2 oral ulcers during screening and at least 2 oral ulcers at baseline. The Screening Visit should be within 2 weeks of the Baseline Visit (this may be considered as 1 occurrence of the required 3 occurrences in the previous 12 month period in Inclusion Criteria #5).
7. Have prior treatment with at least 1 non-biologic BD therapy, such as, but not limited to, topical corticosteroids, or systemic treatment.
8. Candidate for systemic therapy, for the treatment of oral ulcers.
a. A candidate for systemic therapy is a subject, judged by the study Investigator, as someone whose mucocutaneous ulcers are considered inappropriate for topical therapy based on the severity of disease and extent of the affected area, or whose oral ulcers cannot be adequately controlled by topical therapy.
9. Laboratory Measures: Must meet the following laboratory measures:
• Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
• White blood cell (WBC) count = 3000 /microL (= 3.0 X 109/L) and =14,000/microL (=14 X 109/L)
• Platelet count = 100,000 /microL (= 100 X 109/L)
• Serum creatinine = 1.5 mg/dL (= 132.6 µmol/L)
• Total bilirubin = 2.0 mg/dL
• Aspartate transaminase (AST [serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, SGOT]) and alanine transaminase (ALT [serum glutamate pyruvic transaminase, SGPT]) <1.5 X ULN. Subjects who fail screening due to = 1.5 X ULN AST/SGOT and/or ALT/SGPT will be allowed to repeat AST/SGOT and/or ALT/SGPT tests within the screening period. Repeat test results should be = ULN (within reference range) to be eligible.
Laboratory tests will be allowed to be repeated 1 time, if in the Investigator’s clinical judgment, there is a reasonable possibility of the repeat tests not meeting the exclusion values, and with concurrence from the Medical Monitor.
10. Contraception Requirements:
All FCBP must use one of the approved contraceptive options as described below while taking apremilast and for at least 28 days after administration of the last dose of the apremilast.
At the time of study entry, and at any time during the study when a FCBP’s contraceptive measures or ability to become pregnant changes, the Investigator will educate the subject regarding contraception options and the correct and consistent use of effective contraceptive methods in order to successfully prevent pregnancy.
All FCBP must have a negative pregnancy test at Visits 1 and 2. All FCBP subjects who engage in activity in which conception is possible must use one of the approved contraceptive options described below:
Option 1: Any one of the following highly effective methods: hormonal contraception (oral, injection, implant, transdermal patch, vaginal ring); intrauterine device (IUD); tubal ligation; or partner’s vasectomy;
OR
Option 2: Male or female condom (latex condom or non latex condom NOT made out

Exclusion criteria:
1. Behçet’s disease-related active major organ involvement – pulmonary (eg, pulmonary artery aneurysm), vascular (eg, thrombophlebitis), gastrointestinal (eg, ulcers along the gastrointestinal tract), and central nervous systems (eg, meningoencephalitis) manifestations, and ocular lesions (eg, uveitis) requiring immunosuppressive therapy; however:
• Previous major organ involvement is allowed if it occurred at least 1 year prior to screening and is not active at time of enrollment.
• Subjects with mild BD-related ocular lesions not requiring systemic immunosuppressive therapy are allowed.
• Subjects with BD-related arthritis and BD-skin manifestations are also allowed.
Previous and Current Medications:
2. Prior use of a biological therapy.
3. Prior use of apremilast.
4. Use of any investigational medication within 4 weeks prior to Visit 2 or
5 pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic half-lives (whichever is longer).
5. Current use of strong cytochrome P450 enzyme inducers (eg, rifampin, phenobarbital,
carbamazepine, phenytoin)
6. Having received concomitant immune modulating therapy or topical corticosteroids
within:
? Ten days prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for azathioprine
and mycophenolate mofetil
? Two weeks (14 days) prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for
topical corticosteroids
? Four weeks (28 days) prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization) for
oral corticosteroids, colchicine, cyclosporine, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide,
thalidomide, and dapsone
7. Having received intra-articular or parenteral corticosteroids within 6 weeks (42 days)
prior to Visit 2 (Baseline Visit; day of randomization).
General Health:
8. Any significant medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that
would prevent the subject from participating in the study.
9. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the
subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study.
10. Inability to provide voluntary consent.
11. Pregnant women or breast feeding mothers.
12. Systemic or opportunistic fungal infection.
13. Known active current or history of recurrent bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial or
other infections (including but not limited to tuberculosis and atypical mycobacterial
disease, hepatitis B and C and herpes zoster, histoplasmosis, coccidiomycosis, but
excluding onychomycosis) or any major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or
treatment with IV or oral antibiotics within 4 weeks of the Screening Phase.
14. Clinically significant abnormality on chest radiograph.
15. Clinically significant abnormality on 12-lead ECG.
16. History of positive test for, or any clinical suspicion of, human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV), or congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (eg, common variable
immunodeficiency disease).
17. Malignancy or history of malignancy, except for:
a. treated (ie, cured) basal cell or squamous cell in situ skin carcinomas;
b. treated (ie, cured) cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or carcinoma in situ of
the cervix with no evidence of recurrence within the previous 5 years of Visit 1.
18. Any condition that confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
19. Scheduled surgery or other interventions that would interrupt the subject’s participation
in the study.
20. Prior history of suicide attempt at any time in the subject’s lifetime prior to Visit 2
(Baseline Visit; day of randomization) or majo


Age minimum:
Age maximum:
Gender:
Female: yes
Male: yes
Health Condition(s) or Problem(s) studied
SUBJECTS WITH ACTIVE BEHÇET’S DISEASE
MedDRA version: 18.0 Level: LLT Classification code 10004212 Term: Behcet's disease System Organ Class: 100000004866
Therapeutic area: Diseases [C] - Immune System Diseases [C20]
Intervention(s)

Product Name: Apremilast
Product Code: CC-10004
Pharmaceutical Form: Tablet
INN or Proposed INN: APREMILAST
CAS Number: 608141-41-9
Current Sponsor code: CC-10004
Other descriptive name: APREMILAST
Concentration unit: mg milligram(s)
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 10-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Tablet
Route of administration of the placebo: Oral use

Product Name: Apremilast
Product Code: CC-10004
Pharmaceutical Form: Tablet
INN or Proposed INN: APREMILAST
CAS Number: 608141-41-9
Current Sponsor code: CC-10004
Other descriptive name: APREMILAST
Concentration unit: mg milligram(s)
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 20-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Tablet
Route of administration of the placebo: Oral use

Product Name: Apremilast
Product Code: CC-10004
Pharmaceutical Form: Tablet
INN or Proposed INN: APREMILAST
CAS Number: 608141-41-9
Current Sponsor code: CC-10004
Other descriptive name: APREMILAST
Concentration unit: mg milligram(s)
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 30-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Tablet
Route of administration of the placebo: Oral use

Primary Outcome(s)
Main Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of apremilast in the treatment of oral ulcers in active Behçet’s disease
Primary end point(s): Area under the curve (AUC) for the number of oral ulcers from baseline through Week 12
Secondary Objective: - To evaluate the efficacy of apremilast in subjects with Behçet’s disease
- To evaluate the effect of apremilast on Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) in subjects with Behçet’s disease
Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point: 12 weeks after the start of the double-blind, placebo-controlled phase
Secondary Outcome(s)
Secondary end point(s): • Complete response rate for oral ulcers at Week 12
- A complete response is defined as the proportion of subjects who are oral ulcer free.
• Change from baseline in the pain of oral ulcers as measured by VAS at Week 12
• Complete response rate for genital ulcers at Week 12 for subjects who had genital ulcers at Baseline
- A complete response is defined as the proportion of subjects who are genital ulcer free.
• Change from Baseline in the pain of genital ulcers, as measured by VAS at Week 12 in subjects who had genital ulcers at baseline
• Change from baseline in disease activity as measured by Behçet’s Disease Current Activity scores (BD Current Activity Form) at Week 12
• Change from baseline in the BD QoL score at Week 12
• Change from Baseline in Behçet’s Syndrome Activity Score (BSAS) at Week 12
• Time to oral ulcer resolution (complete response), ie, the first instance when a subject has a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Proportion of subjects with no oral ulcers following complete response, ie, the first time when a subject has a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Number of oral ulcers following loss of complete response, ie, the first instance when a subject has a reappearance of oral ulcers following a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Time to recurrence of oral ulcers following loss of complete response, ie, the first instance when a subject has a reappearance of oral ulcers following a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Change from baseline in the total score of the Static Physician’s Global Assessment (PGA) of skin lesions (acne-like lesions, folliculitis and erythema nodosum) of BD at Week 12 in subjects who had BD skin lesions at baseline
• Proportion of subjects achieving an oral ulcer complete response (oral ulcer free) by week 6, after start of dosing, and who remain oral ulcer free for at least 6 additional weeks during the 12 week Placebo-controlled Phase

Safety Endpoints
Safety and tolerability as defined by the following:
• Type, frequency, severity, and relationship of the AEs to apremilast
• Number of subjects who prematurely discontinue IP due to any AE
• Frequency of clinically significant changes in physical examination, vital signs, and/or laboratory findings
• Absolute weight and the percentage of weight change at each visit (as indicated in Section 5) compared to baseline

Exploratory Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Endpoints
• PK parameters from non-compartmental analysis including, but not limited to, maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax), time to Cmax (tmax), and area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 12 hours post-dose and/or from time zero to the last quantifiable concentration (AUC0-12 and/or (AUC0-t)
• Change from baseline in the plasma concentration of inflammatory biomarkers and leukocyte subsets

Exploratory Pharmacogenetic Endpoint
• Assessment of genetic markers for BD or pharmacodynamic response to apremilast, including but not limited to, HLA-B51, IL-10, IL-23R and IL-12RB2 SNPs at baseline (See Section 6.7.13 for additional markers)

Exploratory Endpoint(s)
• The AUC for the combined number of oral and genital ulcers from baseline through Week 12
• Proportion of subjects with new (ie, in subjects with no history of) or worsening (ie, in subjects with history of) uveitis, arthritis, skin lesions; vascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous system BD manifestations by visit
• Change from baseline in number of tender and/or swollen joints associated with BD at Week 12 in subjects who had BD-related tender and/or swollen joints at baseline
• Time to genital ulcer complete response, ie, the first instance when a subject has a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Proportion of subjects with no genital ulcers following complete response, ie, the first time when a subject has a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Number of genital ulcers following loss of complete response, ie, the first instance when a subject has a reappearance of genital ulcers following a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Time to recurrence of genital ulcers following loss of complete response, ie, the first instance when a subject has a reappearance of genital ulcers following a complete response, during the Placebo-controlled Phase
• Cumulative number of oral ulcers per patient for the entire placebo-controlled period
Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point: 12 weeks after the start of the double-blind, placebo-controlled phase followed by 52 weeks after the active treatment phase
Secondary ID(s)
101761
2014-002108-25-DE
CC-10004-BCT-002
NCT02307513
Source(s) of Monetary Support
Celgene Corporation
Secondary Sponsor(s)
Ethics review
Status: Approved
Approval date: 24/02/2015
Contact:
Results
Results available:
Date Posted:
Date Completed:
URL:
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