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Note: This record shows only 22 elements of the WHO Trial Registration Data Set. To view changes that have been made to the source record, or for additional information about this trial, click on the URL below to go to the source record in the primary register.
Register: EUCTR
Last refreshed on: 1 May 2012
Main ID:  EUCTR2004-002815-10-ES
Date of registration: 16/05/2006
Prospective Registration: No
Primary sponsor: Centocor B.V.
Public title: Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Active-Controlled Trial Comparing REMICADE® (infliximab) and REMICADE® plus Azathioprine to Azathioprine in the Treatment of Patients with Crohn’s Disease Naive to both Immunomodulators and Biologic Therapy (Study of Biologic and Immunomodulator Naive Patients in Crohn’s Disease) SONIC - SONIC
Scientific title: Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Active-Controlled Trial Comparing REMICADE® (infliximab) and REMICADE® plus Azathioprine to Azathioprine in the Treatment of Patients with Crohn’s Disease Naive to both Immunomodulators and Biologic Therapy (Study of Biologic and Immunomodulator Naive Patients in Crohn’s Disease) SONIC - SONIC
Date of first enrolment: 18/07/2005
Target sample size: 500
Recruitment status: Authorised-recruitment may be ongoing or finished
URL:  https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/search?query=eudract_number:2004-002815-10
Study type:  Interventional clinical trial of medicinal product
Study design:  Controlled: yes Randomised: yes Open: no Single blind: no Double blind: yes Parallel group: yes Cross over: no Other: no If controlled, specify comparator, Other Medicinial Product: yes Placebo: yes Other: no  
Phase: 
Countries of recruitment
Denmark Germany Spain Sweden United Kingdom
Contacts
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Key inclusion & exclusion criteria
Inclusion criteria:
To be eligible for the trial, patients must meet all of the following criteria:

1) Are considered eligible according to the following tuberculosis (TB) screening criteria:
a. Have no history of latent or active TB prior to screening.
b. Have no signs or symptoms suggestive of active TB upon medical history and/or physical examination.
c. Have had no recent close contact with a person with active TB or, if there has been such contact, will be referred to a physician specializing in TB to undergo additional evaluation and, if warranted, receive appropriate treatment for latent TB prior to or simultaneously with the first administration of study agent.
d. Within 1 month prior to the first administration of study agent, either have a negative tuberculin skin test or have a newly identified positive tuberculin skin test during screening in which active TB has been ruled out and for which appropriate treatment for latent TB has been initiated either prior to or simultaneously with the first administration of study agent.
e. Have a chest radiograph (both posterior-anterior and lateral views), taken within 3 months prior to the first administration of study agent and read by a qualified radiologist, with no evidence of current active TB or old inactive TB.

2) Are 18 years of age or older at the time of informed consent; may be male or female.

3) Have a CDAI score of = 220 and = 400.

4) Have Crohn’s disease of at least 6 weeks duration, with colitis, ileitis, or ileocolitis, confirmed by radiography or endoscopy.

5) Are EITHER:
a. Corticosteroid-dependent (ie, patients who become symptomatic after a decrease in corticosteroid dose such that they have a CDAI = 220 [budesonide alone does not qualify as a corticosteroid for the purpose of this criterion]), OR
b. Are being considered for their second (or greater) course of oral systemic corticosteroids (prednisone or equivalent), (budesonide alone does not qualify as a corticosteroid for the purpose of this criterion) for active Crohn’s disease within the past 12 months, OR
c. Are 5-ASA failures (i.e., patients who have not had an adequate response to a course of 5-ASA [sulfasalazine] 3 g/day for at least 4 weeks, or mesalamine 2.4 g/day or equivalent for at least 4 weeks). OR
d. Are budesonide failures (i.e., patients who have not had an adequate response to a course of budesonide 6 mg/day for at least 4 weeks). Budesonide failures who are 5-ASA-naive are eligible for this study.

6) Are able to adhere to the concomitant medication requirements as described in the protocol, section 4.1: Inclusion Criteria (under bullet six).

7) Are able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.

8) Are capable of providing written informed consent. Written informed consent must be obtained prior to performing any study-related procedures.

9) Women of childbearing potential and all men must be using adequate birth control measures (eg, abstinence, oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, barrier method with spermicide, or surgical sterilization) throughout the study and must continue such precautions for 6 months after receiving the last study agent infusion.

10) The screening laboratory tests must meet the following criteria:
a. Hemoglobin > 8.5 g/dL
b. White blood cell (WBC) count > 3.5 billion cells/L
c. Neutrophils > 1.5 billion cells/L
d. Platelets >100 billion cells/L
e. Aspartate aminotransaminase (AST) and alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) levels must be within 2 t

Exclusion criteria:
Patients who:
1) Have local manifestations of Crohn’s disease such as strictures, abscesses, or other disease complications for which surgery might be indicated (conditions possibly confounding the evaluation of benefit from study treatment) or which might preclude utilization of CDAI to assess response to therapy If an abscess has been present previously, at least 6 weeks must have elapsed between drainage of the abscess and screening. 2) Have had intra-abdominal surgery within 3 months prior to screening. 3) Have received treatment with pure parenteral nutrition (TPN) within 6 weeks of screening. Enteral nutrition therapy is permitted. 4) Have an ostomy or stoma. 5) Have known severe fixed symptomatic stenosis of the large or small intestine. 6) Are pregnant, nursing, or planning pregnancy (both men and women) during the trial or within the 6-month period thereafter. 7) Have shown a previous immediate hypersensitivity response, including anaphylaxis, to an immunoglobulin product (plasma-derived or recombinant, eg, monoclonal antibody). 8) Have a known allergy to murine proteins or other chimeric proteins. 9) Have received within 3 months prior to screening or are expected to receive any live virus (eg, small pox) or live bacterial vaccinations during the trial or up to 3 months after the last administration of study agent. 10) Have had a serious infection (eg, hepatitis, pneumonia, or pyelonephritis), or have been hospitalized for an infection, or have been treated with intravenous antibiotics for an infection within 2 months prior to screening. 11) Have a history of latent or active granulomatous infection, including TB, histoplasmosis, or coccidioidomycosis, prior to screening. 12) Have had a Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination within 12 months of screening. 13) Have had a nontuberculous mycobacterial infection or opportunistic infection (eg, cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis carinii, aspergillosis) within 6 months prior to screening. 14) Have a chest radiograph within 3 months prior to randomization that shows an abnormality suggestive of a malignancy or current active infection, including TB. 15) Are considered ineligible according to the TB eligibility assessment, screening and early detection of reactivation rules defined in the protocol. 16) Have documented current active hepatitis B (surface antigen positive) or a history of documented hepatitis C infection. 17) Have documented human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. 18) Have current signs or symptoms of or a history of systemic lupus erythematosus; severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematologic, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, or cerebral diseases.
19) Have a transplanted organ (with the exception of a corneal transplant performed > 3 months prior to screening). 20) Have a history of lymphoproliferative disease including lymphoma, or signs and symptoms suggestive of possible lymphoproliferative disease, such as lymphadenopathy of unusual size or location or splenomegaly. 21) Have any known malignancy or history of malignancy within the 5-year period prior to screening (except for squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin that has been completely excised without evidence of recurrence). 22) Have multiple sclerosis or other central demyelinating disorder. 23) Have had a chronic or recurrent infectious disease including but not limited to chronic renal infection; chronic chest infection (eg, bronchiectasis); sinusitis; recurrent urinary t


Age minimum:
Age maximum:
Gender:
Female: yes
Male: yes
Health Condition(s) or Problem(s) studied
moderate to severe Crohn’s Disease
MedDRA version: 7.1 Classification code 10011401
Intervention(s)

Trade Name: Remicade
Product Name: Remicade
Pharmaceutical Form: Powder for solution for infusion
INN or Proposed INN: infliximab
Concentration unit: mg milligram(s)
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 100-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Powder for solution for infusion
Route of administration of the placebo: Intravenous use

Trade Name: Imuran
Product Name: Imuran
Pharmaceutical Form: Tablet
INN or Proposed INN: azathioprine
Other descriptive name: 6-[(methyl-4-nitro-1H-imidazol-5-yl)thio]-1H-purine
Concentration unit: mg milligram(s)
Concentration type: equal
Concentration number: 50-
Pharmaceutical form of the placebo: Capsule*
Route of administration of the placebo: Oral use

Primary Outcome(s)
Main Objective: The primary objective of the Main Study will be to compare the efficacy of infliximab + placebo capsules and infliximab combined with azathioprine (AZA) to azathioprine + placebo infusions in the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe Crohn’s disease.

The primary objective of the Study Extension will be to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of infliximab and/or AZA through week 54.
Primary end point(s): The primary efficacy endpoint will be the proportion of patients in corticosteroid-free clinical remission, ie, patients with a CDAI of less than 150 who have not been taking oral systemic corticosteroids (prednisone or equivalent) for at least 3 weeks and have not been taking budesonide at a dose greater than 6 mg/day for at least 3 weeks at week 26.
Secondary Objective: 1) To assess the effect of infliximab and/or AZA on complete mucosal healing in patients with Crohn’s disease.

2) To assess the corticosteroid-sparing abilities of therapy with infliximab and/or AZA in patients with moderate-to-severe Crohn’s disease.
Secondary Outcome(s)
Secondary ID(s)
2004-002815-10-SE
C0168T67
Source(s) of Monetary Support
Secondary Sponsor(s)
Ethics review
Results
Results available:
Date Posted:
Date Completed:
URL:
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